Electronics Engineering Articles:

AC Regulator – Definition and Classification

Active and Passive Satellite

Adjustable Voltage Regulators

Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital Communication

Advantages and Disadvantages of JFET

Advantages of Negative Feedback Amplifier

Amplitude Detection Process

Analog Storage Oscilloscope Block Diagram and Its Workings

Applications of FETs (Field Effect Transistors)

Astable Multivibrator – Definition and Types

Avalanche Photodiode – Definition, Basic Structure and Workings

Balanced Slope Detector – Working, Advantages and Disadvantages

Baritt diode – Working and Applications

Base Bias Circuit With Collector and Emitter Feedback

Base Bias with Collector Feedback Circuit

Base Modulation Circuit Working Principle

Base Spreading Resistance

Basic Block Diagram of Communication System

Basic Controls of CRO

Basic Elements of Digital Communication System

Basic Oscilloscope Patterns

Basic Structure of PN Junction in Semiconductor

Bias Stability Factor of Transistor

Binary Number System (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

Bistable Multivibrator – Working and Types

Block Diagram of a General Purpose CRO and its workings

Block Diagram of AM Transmitter

Blocking Oscillator – Definition, Operation and Types

Bootstrapped Darlington Circuit Operation and its Equivalent Circuit

Breakdown Voltage of PN Junction Diode

Carrier Concentration in Intrinsic Semiconductor

Carrier Lifetime in Semiconductor

Cascaded Differential Amplifier Working Principle

Cascaded FET Amplifier Circuit Diagram

Cascode Amplifier or CE-CB Configuration

Cellular Mobile Radio System – Structure and its Workings

Characteristics of Negative Feedback Amplifiers

Characteristics of Regulated Power Supply

Charge Densities in Extrinsic Semiconductor

Charge Neutrality Equation in Semiconductor

Clamping Circuit Theorem

Clapp Oscillator – Circuit Diagram and Operation

Class A Power Amplifiers (Direct Coupled with Resistive Load)

Class A Push Pull Amplifier – Working Principle, Advantages & Disadvantages

Class AB Power Amplifier Working Principle

Class AB Push Pull Amplifier – Circuit Diagram, Operation and Drawbacks

Class B Power Amplifier – Operation and Efficiency derivation

Class B Push Pull Amplifier – Circuit Diagram, Operation and Derivation

Class C Power Amplifiers – Circuit Diagram, Operation and Applications

Class D Power Amplifiers – Circuit Diagram, Operation and Applications

Classification of Amplifiers

Classification of Communication

Classification of Gas Filled Tubes

Classification of Power Amplifiers

Classification of Pulse Signals

CMRR of Op Amp (Common Mode Rejection Ratio)

Cold Cathode Display or Nixie Tube – Operation and Characteristics

Collector Modulation Circuit – Working, Advantages and Disadvantages

Colpitts Oscillator using Transistor Circuit

Common Drain JFET Amplifier or Source Follower

Common Gate JFET Amplifier and its AC Equivalent Circuit

Common Source JFET Amplifier with AC Equivalent Circuit

Commutating Capacitor or Speed up Capacitor

Comparison of Logic Families

Compensating Network in Op Amp

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)

Complementary Symmetry Push Pull Amplifier

Compound Semiconductor Materials

Constant Current Bias in Differential Amplifier

Constant Current Source in Differential Amplifier

Constant Voltage Transformer (CVT) – Construction and Working Principle

Construction and Working of Vacuum Pentode

Construction and Working of Zener Diode

Construction of Phanotron

Construction of Vacuum Tetrode, Working and Applications

Continuity Equation in Semiconductor

Controlled Transistor Series Regulator or Negative Feedback Regulator

Controlled Transistor Series Regulator with Short Circuit Protection

Conversion of Hybrid Parameters in Transistor Three Configurations

Crystal Oscillators – Circuit, Working, Advantages and Disadvantages

Current Amplification Factor

Current Amplifier – Definition and Equivalent Circuit

Current Components in PN Junction Diode

Current Series Feedback Amplifier Circuit

Current Shunt Feedback Amplifier Circuit

Darlington Amplifier – Circuit Diagram, Characteristics, Merits and Applications

Darlington Pair Transistor – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

DC Equivalent Circuit of Transistor

DC Load Line and Bias Point of FET Circuit.

Decimal Number System (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

Depletion Type MOSFET – Construction, Operation and Characteristics

Determination of Diode Characteristics

Determination of h Parameters from Static Characteristics

Differential Amplifier with Two Op Amp

Differential Input and Differential Output Amplifier

Digital Modulation Techniques

Digital Satellite Communication – Definition and Advantages

Diode as a Circuit Element

Diode Clamping Circuit – Positive and Negative Clamping

Diode Clipping Circuit – Types and Applications

Diode Failure Modes and Causes

Direct Coupled Transistor Amplifier – Operations and Equivalent Circuit

Display of Electrical signals by Oscilloscope

Double Differentiation – Derivation

Double Tuned Amplifier – Circuit Diagram and Operation

Drift Current and Diffusion Current in Semiconductor

Dual Gate MOSFET – N Channel Depletion Type MOSFET

Dual Input Balanced Output Differential Amplifier

Dual Input Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

Early Effect and Base Width Modulation

Ebers Moll Model for PNP Transistor

Effect of Internal Transistor Capacitance

Effect of Negative Feedback on Bandwidth

Effect of Negative Feedback on Input Impedance

Effect of Negative Feedback on Output Impedance

Effect of temperature on PN diode characteristics

Electron Orbits and Energy Levels

Elemental Semiconductor Materials

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

Emitter Coupled Clipper Circuit

Emitter Follower at High Frequencies

Emitter Follower Circuit – Operation, Advantages and Applications

Emitter Modulation – Circuit Diagram and its Operation

Energy Band Diagram of Semiconductors, Insulators and Metals

Energy Band Theory of Crystals

Enhancement Type MOSFET – Construction, Operation and Characteristics

Equilibrium Conditions in Semiconductor Physics

Equivalent Circuit of a Diode

Experimental Determination of Hybrid Parameters

Explain Bohr’s Atomic Model

Explain Cold Cathode Gas Filled Diode

Explain Conduction in Gas

Explain Conduction in Intrinsic Semiconductors

Explain Conductivity of Metals

Explain Distortion in Amplifier? | Types of Amplifier Distortion

Explain Steady State Conditions in Semiconductor

Explain Transistor Current Components

Facsimile (FAX) Machine – Definition, Operation and Applications

Fast Recovery Diode (FRD)

Feedback Amplifier – Block Diagram, Definition, Operation and Types

Feedback Pair Connection – Operation and its Equivalent Circuit

Fermi Dirac Function in Semiconductor

Fermi Level in Extrinsic Semiconductor

FET as a Voltage Variable Resistor (VVR)

FET Biasing Methods – Fixed Bias, Self Bias, Potential Divider Bias and Current Source Bias

FET Configurations

Fet Tuned Amplifier – Circuit Diagram and Frequency Response

Field Emission or Cold Cathode Emission

Fixed Bias Circuit Diagram – Advantages and Disadvantages

Fixed Negative Voltage Regulator

Fixed Positive Voltage Regulators

Force in a Magnetic Field

Foster Seeley Detector – Circuit Diagram, Working and its Phasor Diagram

Franklin Oscillator Circuit Diagram

Frequency and Phase Response Curves of a Single Stage Amplifier

Frequency Response of Common Mode Gain of Differential Amplifier

Frequency Response of RC Coupled Amplifier

Frequency Stability of Oscillator

Gate Controlled Switch (GCS) Circuit Operation and Advantages

Gate Turn Off Thyristor (GTO) – Symbol, Operations and Applications

Generalized FET Amplifier Circuit

Generation of DSBSC Signal using Balanced and Ring Modulator

Harmonic Distortion in Power Amplifier – Waveform and Derivation

Hartley Oscillator using Transistor Analysis

Heterojunction Lasers – Definition, Construction and Workings

Hexadecimal Number System (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

High Pass RC Circuit Diagram, Derivation and Application

How to use a Transistor as a Diode – Working and Equation

Hybrid Parameters of Transistor or h Parameters and Hybrid Model

IC 741 Op Amp Pin diagram and its Workings

IC Voltage Regulators

Impedance Coupled Transistor Amplifier

Important Points Regarding Working of Transistors

Integrated Injection Logic (IIL) Circuit

Inverter – Definition and Classification of Inverters

IR Emitters or Infrared-emitting diodes

JFET as an Amplifier

JFET Differential Amplifier – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

JFET Temperature Effects

Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET) – Construction, Symbols and Operation

Large Signal Tuned Amplifier – Operation and its Equivalent Circuit

LC Oscillator Circuit – Definition, Types and Equation

Leakage Current in a Transistor and Breakdown Voltage

Light Activated SCR (LASCR) – Symbol, Construction and Operation

Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) – Definition, Construction, Workings and Applications

Light Emitting Materials

Linear Diode Detector or Envelope Detector

LM340 Series Voltage Regulator

Low Frequency Response of BJT Amplifier

Low Frequency Response of FET Amplifier

Low Pass RC Circuit Diagram, Derivation and Application

Luminescence – Definition and Types

Mass Action Law in Semiconductor

Metal Insulator Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MISFETs)

Metal Semiconductor Junctions

Methods of Sweep Voltage Generation

Miller Effect in Amplifier Frequency Response

Miller Sweep Circuit and Miller Bootstrap Sweep Circuit

Millers Theorem and its Equivalent Circuit

Modulation – Definition, Types and Need for Modulation

Monochrome TV Transmitter – Block Diagram and its Workings

Monostable Multivibrator – Operation, Types and Application

Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields

Motion of an Electron in a Magnetic Field

Motion of Charged Particle in Electric Field

Multivibrator definition and Types (Astable, Monostable and Bistable)

N Channel Power MOSFETs or V-MOSFET or V-FET

n Stage Cascaded Amplifier

Negative Resistance Oscillators – Working and Types

Noise in Amplifiers and its Types

Octal Number System (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

Op Amp Differential Amplifier Circuit Diagram and its Operation

Op Amp Regulators

Operation and Power Control of Cellular Systems

Operation of Oscillator Circuit

Operational Transconductance Amplifier (OTA)

Optical Absorption in Electronics

OTA Adder (Summer) and OTA Lossy Integrator

OTA as Programmable Resistor, Grounded Resistor and Floating Resistor

OTA Based Ground Inductor and Floating Inductor

OTA in Sample and Hold Circuits

OTA Voltage Amplifier Circuit Diagram

Output Stage of an Op Amp and its Voltage Transfer Characteristics

Parameters of JFET

Peak to Peak Detector – Working Principle and Applications

Phase Reversal in Single Stage Transistor Amplifier

Phase Splitter Circuit for Push Pull Power Amplifiers (or Phase Inverter)

Photoconductivity – Definition, Working and its Applications

Photodetectors – Definition and Applications

Photoemissive cells or Tubes – Working Principle and Types

Photon Absorption Coefficient

Pin Photodiode – Definition, Working and Applications

PN Diode Switching Times

PN Junction Diode Applications

Point Contact Diode Construction and Working

Power BJT – Construction, Operation and its Characteristics

Power Converter – Definition and Classification

Power Diode – Structure, Symbol, Characteristics and Types

Pulse Characteristics and Terminology

Push Pull Amplifier – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

Quantitative Theory of PN Junction Diode

Quasi Complementary Push Pull Amplifier

Radio Communication System – Block Diagram and types

RC Coupled Transistor Amplifier – Operations, Derivation and Applications

RC High Pass Circuit as Differentiator

RC Low Pass Circuit as Integrator

Regulated and Unregulated Power Supply

Relaxation Time, Collision Time and Mean Free Path

Rutherford Nuclear Model of Atomic Structure

Satellite Communication System – Definition, Block Diagram, Advantages and Disadvantages

Sawtooth Voltage Generator Circuit Diagram and Waveforms

SCR as Full Wave Rectifier Circuit Diagram

SCR as Half Wave Rectifier Circuit Diagram

Selection of Operating Point in Transistor Biasing

Selection of Oscillator

Self Bias or Potential Divider Bias Circuit

Series Diode Configurations with DC Inputs

Series Voltage Regulator – Block Diagram and Working Principle

Shifted Unit Step Function

Shunt Voltage Regulator Block Diagram

Signal Definition and Classification of Signals

Signed Binary Numbers (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

Silicon Controlled Switch (SCS) – Symbol, Operation, Advantages and Application

Simple Biasing Circuit Diagram

Simple Slope Detector – Circuit diagram and its Characteristics

Single Input Balanced Output Differential Amplifier

Single Input Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

Single Mesh and Multi Mesh Network

Single Phase Dual Converter – Circuit Diagram and Four Quadrant of Operation

Single Phase Full Bridge Inverter

Single Phase Full Wave Controlled Rectifier (or Converter)

Single Phase Half Wave Controlled Rectifier (or Converter)

Single Sideband Modulation (SSB)

Single Tuned Amplifier – Circuit Operation and Limitations

Small Signal Model of FET

Small Signal Model of MOSFET

Space Charge Region at a Junction

Square Law Detector Circuit and Working Principle

Square Law Diode Modulator – Circuit Diagram and its V-I Characteristics

Stagger Tuned Amplifier – Circuit diagram and its Workings

Step Down Chopper with R-L-EbLoad

Step Response of an Amplifier

Step up Chopper – Definition, Circuit Diagram and its Working Principle

Step up Step down Chopper – Working Principle

Swamping Resistor in Differential Amplifier

Sweep Frequency Generator – Block Diagram and its Workings

Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS) or Switching Regulators

Switching Characteristics of Power MOSFET

Switching Diode in Electronics

Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Triggering

Terminal Characteristics of Junction Diodes

Thermal Resistance – Definition, Circuit Diagram and Equation

Three Op Amp Differential Amplifier

Three Phase Converter Circuit

Three Phase Cycloconverter Circuit Diagram and its Workings

Three Phase Rectifiers

Three Terminal IC Voltage Regulators – Block Diagram

Thyratron Working Principle

Time Base Generator – Working Principle and Types

Transconductance Amplifier – Definition and Equivalent Circuit

Transformer Coupled Class A Power Amplifier

Transformer Coupled Transistor Amplifier – Working Principle

Transistor Action : Operation of PNP Transistor

Transistor approximation (Ideal, Second and Higher)

Transistor as a Switch Circuit Diagram and Working

Transistor as an Amplifier – Circuit Diagram and Its Workings

Transistor Circuit Configurations (CB, CE, CC)

Transistor Clipper Circuit and Waveforms

Transistor Construction

Transistor Current Sweep Circuit

Transistor Detector Circuit Working Principle

Transistor Hybrid Model

Transistor Lead Identification and Testing

Transistor Load Line Analysis (DC and AC Load Line and Q Point)

Transistor Series Voltage Regulator or Emitter Follower Voltage Regulator

Transistor Terminals (Emitter, Collector and Base)

Transition and Diffusion Capacitance

Transresistance Amplifier – Definition and Equivalent Circuit

TTL Characteristics and other TTL Series

Tuned Amplifiers – Definition, Classification and Advantages

Tuned Base Oscillator – Definition and Working Principle

Tuned Collector Oscillator – Definition, Working and Equation

Tuned Drain Oscillator – Circuit Diagram and Equation

Tunnel Diode Construction and Working

Two Dimensional Motion in a Uniform Electric Field

Two Supply Emitter Bias Circuit

Types of Amplitude Modulation (AM)

Types of Power Supply in Electronics

Types of Sampling Techniques

Types of Transistor Oscillators

UJT as Over Voltage Detector Circuit Diagram

UJT Relaxation Oscillator – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

UJT Triggering of SCR Working Principle

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) – Block Diagram and its Workings

Up Down Circuit Analysis

Vacuum Triode, Construction and Working

Variations of Hybrid Parameters of a Transistor

Various Bias Compensation Methods

Various Stages in a Practical Power Amplifier and Block Diagram

Varistors or Voltage Dependent Resistors (VDRS)

Vestigial Sideband Modulation System (VSB)

Visual Display Units (VDUs)

Voltage Amplifier – Definition and Equivalent Circuit

Voltage Level Translator (Level Shifter)

Voltage Multipliers – Voltage Doublers, Triplers and Quadruplers

Voltage Series Feedback Amplifier Circuit

Voltage Shunt Feedback Amplifier Circuit

What are the Essential Components of an Oscillator?

What is a Digital Integrated Circuit?

What is a Floating Point Number?

What is a thermistor? – Definition, Symbol and V-I Characteristics

What is Active Components and Passive Components?

What is Alphanumeric Codes? – ASCII code, EBCDIC Code

What is an Ideal Diode – Working and its V-I Characteristics

What is Analog Signal and Digital Signal?

What is Atomic Bonds and Types?

What is Backward Diode?

What is Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) Code?

What is BJT Beta Rule?

What is Bleeder Resistor? – Working and Its Functions

What is Capacitor in Electronics?

What is Cathode or Emitter and Types of Cathode?

What is Clipper Circuit? – Definition and Classification

What is Comparator in Electronics? – Classification and Applications

What is Crossover Distortion and how to eliminate it?

What is Crystalline Structure?

What is Current Boosting in Voltage Regulator?

What is Current Conveyors (CCs)?

What is Current Density?

What is Current Foldback?

What is Current Limiting Protection?

What is Current Mirror? – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

What is Demodulation or Detection? – Need of demodulation

What is DIAC? – Symbol, Construction, Operation and Applications

What is Diode Resistance?

What is Diode Transistor Logic (DTL) Circuit?

What is Double Precision System?

What is Dual Power Supply? -Circuit Diagram and its Workings

What is Electron Emission?

What is Electron Volt?

What is Emitter Coupled Logic (ECL) Circuit?

What is Excess-3 Code? (Definition and Examples)

What is Extrinsic Semiconductor?

What is Focusing Device in Cathode Ray Oscilloscope and why it is required?

What is Frequency Response of an Amplifier?

What is Gray code? (Definition, Conversions & Examples)

What is Hall Effect in Semiconductor?

What is Inductor in Electronics?

What is Intrinsic Semiconductor?

What is Low Frequency Compensation?

What is MOS Capacitor?

What is MOSFET Handling?

What is MOSFET Resistor?

What is Multistage Amplifier? – Types, Block Diagram and Analysis

What is Optoelectronic Devices?

What is Oscillator? – Types of Oscillators

What is Photoelectric Effect?

What is Photoelectric Emission and Laws of Photoelectric Emission?

What is Real Diode?

What is Resistor in Electronics?

What is Resistor Transistor Logic (RTL) Circuit?

What is Schottky Diode? – Definition, Symbols and Construction

What is Secondary Emission?

What is Shockley Diode? – Symbol, Operation and Applications

What is Single Stage Transistor Amplifier? – Circuit Diagram and its Workings

What is Step Recovery Diode? – Working and Applications

What is Surge Current? – Definition and Workings

What is Switching Circuit?

What is Thermal Runaway and Heat Sink?

What is Thermionic Emission?

What is Thyristor? – Thyristor Family and its Applications

What is Transistor Biasing? – Types of Biasing

What is Transistor Transistor Logic (TTL) Circuit?

What is Tristate Logic or Three State Logic Circuit?

What is Vacuum Diode, Construction, Working and Applications

What is Voltage and Current?

What is Wave Particle Duality?

What is Waveshaping? – Types

Zener Diode Application

Zero bias PN junction

Zero Reference Level in Electronics Engineering