**Feedback Pair Connection – Operation and its Equivalent Circuit:**

The feedback pair connection (Fig. 19.58) is a two-transistor circuit that operates like the Darlington amplifier. It makes use of a PNP transistor driving an NPN transistor, the two devices acting much like one PNP transistor. Like Darlington amplifier the feedback pair connection also provides a very high current gain and high input resistance. Darlington amplifier and a feedback pair are used to provide complementary transistor operation. A practical circuit using a feedback pair connection is given in Fig. 19.59.

**DC Bias:** Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to base-emitter loop of transistor Q_{1} we have

Base current,

The collector current of transistor Q_{1} is given by

The collector current of transistor Q_{2} is given by

So that current through R_{C} is

**AC Operation: **

AC equivalent circuit of the feedback pair (Fig. 19.59) is given in Fig. 19.60. Figure 19.60 (a) is drawn to indicate clearly each transistor and the base and collector resistor placement and ac equivalent for the purpose of analysis is shown in Fig. 19.60 (b).

The **ac input impedance** seen looking into the base of transistor Q_{1} is determined [Fig. 19.60 (b)] as follows:

When

Thus we have

Including the base-bias resistance

The **ac current gain** is determined as follows:

Including R_{B}, the current gain is given by

The **ac output impedance** may be obtained by applying a voltage V_{out} with V_{in} set to zero. The resulting analysis gives that

It results in low output impedance.

The **ac voltage gain** is determined as follows :

Output voltage

Also, output voltage,

Voltage gain,