**Clamping Circuit Theorem:**

Under steady-state conditions, for any input waveform, the shape of the output waveform of a clamping circuit is fixed and also the area in the forward direction and the area in the reverse direction are related. According to clamping circuit theorem, under steady-state conditions, the ratio of area in forward direction A_{f} to that of reverse direction A_{r} of output voltage is equal to the ratio of diode forward resistance R_{f} to resistance R connected across diode.

This theorem applies quite generally independent of the input waveform and the magnitude of the source resistance.

**Proof:** Consider the clamping circuit shown in Fig. 30.79. Let for first half cycle of input signal diode be on, the equivalent circuit is shown in Fig. 30.80 (a). If v_{out f}(t) is the output waveform in the forward direction, then the capacitor charging current is

Therefore, the charge stored in the capacitor during the forward interval is

Similarly for interval T_{1} < t <T_{1} + T_{2}, the input is low and the diode is off and the equivalent circuit is as shown in Fig. 30.80 (b). If v_{out r}(t) is the output voltage in the reverse direction, then the discharging current of capacitor is

Thus, the charge lost by the capacitor during the reversal interval is

Under steady-state conditions, the net charge gain of the capacitor over one complete cycle must be equal to zero, therefore,