**Effect of Negative Feedback on Input Impedance:**

High input impedance is always desirable in an amplifier as it will not load the preceding stage or the input voltage source. Such a desirable characteristic can be had with the help of negative feedback. The Effect of Negative Feedback on Input Impedance of an amplifier is explained below.

**Voltage-Series Feedback:**

A more detailed series feedback connection is shown in Fig. 19.13.

The input impedance can be determined as follows:

The input impedance with series feedback is seen to have the value of input impedance without feedback multiplied by the factor (1 + Î²A) and applies to both voltage-series and current series configuration.

**Voltage-Shunt Feedback:**

A more detailed shunt feedback connection is depicted in Fig. 19.14.

In this case,

and input impedance,

So, the input impedance with voltage shunt feedback is reduced by the factor (1 + Î²A).

**Current-Shunt Feedback:**

From Fig. 19.10(d)

and input impedance,

So, the input impedance with current shunt feedback is reduced by the factor (1 + Î²A).