Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram:

This Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram is obtained by simply introducing an emitter resistor to the fixed bias circuit as shown in Fig. 12.9. For analysis, we will first examine the base-emitter loop and then use the results to investigate the collector-emitter loop.

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

The base-emitter loop of the network given in Fig. 12.9 may be re­drawn as shown in Fig. 12.10(a). Applying KVL around the indi­cated loop, we have

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

Note that the only difference between the above equation and equation for the fixed bias configuration

is the term (β + 1)RE.

The collector-emitter loop is redrawn in Fig. 12.10(b).

Applying KVL for the indicated loop, we have

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

Voltage from emitter-to-ground is

while the voltage from collector-to-emitter is

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

Collector voltage,

and Base voltage,

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

From Eq. (12.15), we have

Differentiating above equation w.r.t. lC (considering VBE to be independent of lC), we have

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

From Eq. (12.5) stability factor S is given as

Substituting the value of dIB/dIC from Eq. (12.22) in above expression, we have

Stability factor,

Emitter Bias Circuit Diagram

The above equation indicates that stability factor S varies between 1 for smaller values of RB/RE and (1 + β) for larger values of RB/RE. For proper operation both VCC and RE should be larger and RB smaller.

The addition of the emitter resistor to the dc bias of the BJT provides improved stability, i.e., the dc bias currents and voltages remain closer to where they were fixed by the circuit when the outside conditions, such as temperature, and transistor beta change.