Fabrication of Integrated Circuits

Types of Field Effect Transistor

Types of Field Effect Transistor: In general, Three Types of Field Effect Transistor are namely, Junction field effect transistor (JFET) Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Junction field effect transistor (JFET): The basic processes used for the fabrication of JFET are exactly similar to those used in the fabrication …

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Integrated Resistor

Integrated Resistor: In Integrated Resistor circuit design, the importance is given to the maximum usage of transistors. For example digital CMOS, nMOS and GaAs circuits are fabricated entirely with transistors and diodes. The Integrated Resistor are grouped into two groups ; one formed within monolithic IC and other composed of film resistors. The monolithic IC …

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Monolithic Diodes

Monolithic Diodes: Monolithic Diodes – The fabrication of diode is very straight forward. Generally any two terminals of the transistor are connected together to form one of the electrodes while the remaining terminal can be considered as remaining electrode of a diode. The different connections in transistor to utilize it as a diode are as …

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Fabrication of PNP Transistor in Integrated Circuit

Fabrication of PNP Transistor in Integrated Circuit: There are different ways of Fabrication of PNP Transistor in Integrated Circuit. The important means of integrating PNP Transistor are Vertical PNP transistor, Lateral PNP transistor and Triple Diffused PNP transistor. Vertical PNP transistor: In Vertical PNP transistor, the p type substrate is used as p-type collector while …

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Metallization Process

Metallization Process | Types of Metallization | Applications: Metallization Process in which a thin layer of metal is formed which is used to make interconnections between the components on the chip as well as interconnections between the components and the outside world. In general metallization applications are divided into three groups, Gate, Contact and Interconnects. …

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