Static Induction Thyristor (SITH):
An Static Induction Thyristor (SITH) or SI-thyristor is a self-controlled GTO-like on-off device commercially introduced in Japan in 1988. Similar device, known as field-controlled thyristors (FCT) or field-controlled diode (FCD), were developed in USA. The device symbol is shown in Fig. 11.10.
It is essentially a P+ NN+ diode. Similar to SIT, SITH is a normally on device with the N-region saturated with minority carrier. The turn-off behavior of SITH is similar to that of GTO. It is a self-controlled GTO-like high power device (1200 V, 800A).
Its general comparison with GTO is given below.
- Unlike GTO, SITH is a normally on device-asymmetric blocking.
- The conduction drop is higher (4.0 V)
- The turn-off current gain is lower (1 to 3)
- The switching frequency is higher (tON = 2 μs, tOFF = 9 µs) and has lower switching losses.
- The dv/dt and di/dt ratings are higher. (2 kV/μs, 900A/μs.
- The SOA is improved and Tj is limited.