Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit:

Adders are divided into two categories namely, half adder and full adder circuit.

Half Adder Circuit:

The Half Adder Circuit operation needs two binary inputs : augend and addend bits; and two binary outputs : sum and carry. The half adder truth table shown in 3.6 gives the relation between input and output variables for Half Adder Circuit operation.

Half Adder Truth Table:

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

K-map simplification for carry and sum:

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

Half Adder Logic Diagram:

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

Full Adder Circuit:

We have seen that a full adder is a combinational circuit that forms the arithmetic sum of three input bits. It consists of three inputs and two outputs. Two of the input variables, denoted by A and B, represent the two significant bits to be added. The third input Cin, represents carry from the previous lower significant position.

Full Adder Truth Table:

The Full Adder Truth Table is shown in Table 3.7.

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

K-map simplification for carry and sum:

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

Full Adder Logic Diagram:

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

The Boolean Expression for sum can be further simplified as follows :

With this simplified Boolean function circuit for full-adder can be implemented as shown in the Fig. 3.17.

A full-adder can also be implemented with two half-adders and one OR gate, as shown in the Fig. 3.18. The sum output from the second half-adder is the exclusive-OR of Cin and the output of the first half-adder, giving

and the carry output is

Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

Updated: July 8, 2020 — 9:54 pm