Semiconductor Microwave Devices

Semiconductor Microwave Devices:

Continuous Wave Gas Laser : The first Continuous Wave Gas Laser, in 1961, was a gas laser using a mixture …


Cryogenically Cooled Amplifiers : The term solid-state is used deliberately here; it does not mean “semiconductor.” In terms of the …


Frequency Multiplier Circuit : A typical Frequency Multiplier Circuit chain is shown in Figure 12-11, The first stage is a …


Gunn Diode Working Principle : A practical Gunn Diode Working Principle consists of a slice like the one shown in …


Gunn Effect : In 1963, Gunn discovered the transferred electron effect which now bears his name. This Gunn Effect is …


High Frequency Limitations : As stated, transistors suffer from High Frequency Limitations. These are of a twofold nature. On the …


Impatt Diode Working : IMPATT Diode Working is a combination of delay involved in generating avalanche current multiplication, together with …


Microwave Transistors : Silicon bipolar transistors were first on the microwave scene, followed by GaAs field-effect transistors. Indeed, FETs now …


Negative Resistance Amplifier : The classical application of the tunnel diode was in microwave oscillators, especially after it was realized …


Parametric Amplifier : The parametric amplifier uses a device whose reactance is varied in such a manner that amplification results. …


Parametric Amplifier Types : The basic Parametric Amplifier Types have already been discussed in detail, but several others also exist. …


Pin Diode Construction : The Pin Diode Construction consists of a narrow layer of p-type semiconductor separated from an equally …


Pulsed Ruby Laser : The Pulsed Ruby Laser is similar to the ruby cavity maser, to some extent, in that …


Ruby Maser : As was know ferrites of certain materials have atomic systems that can be made to resonate magnetically …


Schottky Barrier Diode : Schottky junctions have been shown and described throughout this chapter, in conjunction with various devices that …


Semiconductor Lasers : Semiconductor Lasers was discovered in 1962 that a gallium arsenide diode, such as the one shown in …


Stripline and Microstrip Transmission Line : Stripline and Microstrip Transmission Line are physically related to transmission lines but are covered …


Surface Acoustic Waves Devices (SAW): Surface Acoustic Waves Devices may be propagated on the surfaces of solid piezoelectric materials, at …


Trapatt Diode Construction and Working : The Trapatt Diode Construction and Working is derived from and closely related to the …


Tunnel Diode Applications : In all its Tunnel Diode Applications, the tunnel diode should be loosely coupled to its tuned …


Tunnel Diode Equivalent Circuit : The Tunnel Diode Equivalent Circuit, when biased in the negative-resistance region, is shown in Figure …


Types of Optoelectronic Devices : Although light-emitting diodes and photodiodes are not quantum-mechanical devices in the Types of Optoelectronic Devices, …


Varactor Diode Operation and Characteristics : Varactor Diode Operation and Characteristics were first used in the early 1950s as simple …