Precision Full Wave Rectifiers
The Precision Full Wave Rectifiers circuits accept an ac signal at the input, inverts either the negative or the positive half, and delivers both the inverted and noninverted halves at the output, as shown in the Fig. 2.62.
The operation of the positive full wave rectifier is expressed as
and that of the negative rectifier as
Looking at equations 1 and 2 we can say that Precision Full Wave Rectifiers circuits are precision absolute value circuits. Fig. 2.63 shows a full wave rectifier or absolute value circuit.
CASE 1 : Vi > 0 : When Vi > 0, inverting side of Al will force its output to swing negative, thus forward biasing D1 and reverse biasing D2. Since no current flows through resistance R connected between Vn1 and Vp2, both are equipotential
The Fig. 2.64 shows the equivalent circuit.
From equivalent circuit, the output voltage can be given
CASE 2 : Vi < 0 : When Vi < 0, negative, the output voltage of Al swings to positive, making diode D1 reverse biased and diode D2 forward biased.
The Fig. 2.65 shows the equivalent circuit.
Let the output voltage of op-amp Al be V. Since the differential input to A2 is. zero, the inverting input terminal is also at voltage V, as shown in the Fig. 2.65.
Applying KCL at node ‘a’ we have
To find Vo in terms of V we concentrate on the equivalent circuit of A2, as shown in the Fig. 2.66.
Substituting value of V in above equation
Hence for Vi < 0 the output is positive. This is illustrated in Fig. 2.67.