**Linear Integrated Circuits:**

**555 Timer IC**** :** The 555 Timer IC is most versatile linear integrated device introduced by Signetics …

**Active Filters**** :** Active Filters is a circuit that is designed to pass a specified band frequencies while attenuating all …

**AM Detection**** :** AM Detection – A PLL can be used to demodulate AM signals as shown …

**Astable Multivibrator Using IC 555**** :** Fig. 2.105 shows the operation of Astable Multivibrator Using IC 555. …

**Basic Antilog Amplifier Using Diode**** :** Basic Antilog Amplifier Using Diode as follows The circuit diagram of basic …

**Basic Log Amplifier Using Diode**** :** The circuit diagram of basic log amplifier using a diode is …

**Basic Low Voltage Regulator using IC 723**** :** Fig. 2.112 shows the Basic Low Voltage Regulator using …

**Basic Positive High Voltage Regulator**** :** The Basic Positive High Voltage Regulator is given by For this type, …

**Butterworth Filters**** :** The filter in which denominator polynomial of its transfer function is a Butterworth polynomial …

**Closed Loop Configuration of Op amp**** :** The utility of op-amp increases considerably if it is used …

**Constant Current Limiting Circuit**** :** A block of series regulation using simple Constant Current Limiting Circuit is …

**Equivalent Circuit of Practical Op Amp**** :** Equivalent Circuit of Practical Op Amp – The circuit which represents …

**Filter Frequency Response**** :** The Fig. 2.71 shows the Filter Frequency Response Characteristics for low pass filter …

**Filters in Linear Integrated Circuits**** :** The Filters in Linear Integrated Circuits can be represented in the …

**First Order High Pass Butterworth Filter**** :** As mentioned earlier, a high pass filter is a circuit …

**First Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter**** :** The first order low pass butterworth filter is realised by …

**FM Detector Block Diagram**** :** The PLL can be very easily used as an FM detector or …

**Foldback Current Limiting**** :** The disadvantage of constant current limit is relatively large power dissipation in the …

**Frequency Multiplier using PLL 565**** :** Fig. 2.128 shows the block diagram for a frequency multiplier using …

**Frequency Shift Keying Demodulator**** :** In digital data communication, binary data is transmitted by means of …

**Frequency Translation :** The frequency translation means shifting the frequency of an oscillator by a small factor. …

**IC 723 Voltage Regulator**** :** The pin diagram of IC 723 Voltage Regulator along with the various …

**Ideal Op Amp :** The Ideal Op Amp is basically an amplifier which amplifies the difference between …

**Ideal Op Amp Differentiator** : The circuit which produces the differentiation of the input voltage …

**Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve**** :** Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve – The ideal op-amp produces the output proportional …

**Important Definitions Related to PLL**** :** Some important definitions related to PLL are as follows : Lock Range: When …

**Important Op Amp Parameters**** :** Two other Important Op Amp Parameters are the slew rate and the …

**Instrumentation Amplifier**** :** Instrumentation Amplifier – Many industrial systems, consumer systems and process control systems require a …

**Instrumentation Amplifier using Op Amp :** The commonly used Instrumentation Amplifier using Op Amp is one using …

**Integrators :** In an integrators circuit, the output voltage is the integration of the input voltage. The …

**Introduction to Linear Integrated Circuits :** Introduction to Linear Integrated Circuits – The term IC means integrated …

**Inverting Amplifier :** As the name suggests the output of such the input signal. The …

**Low Voltage High Current Regulator**** :** Low Voltage High Current Regulator Circuit is shown below Output voltage from …

**Monolithic Phase Locked Loops IC 565**** :** Monolithic Phase Locked Loops IC 565 are introduced by signetics …

**Monostable Multivibrator Using IC 555**** :** The IC 555 timer can be operated as a Monostable Multivibrator …

**Negative Voltage Regulator**** :** Connections for getting negative voltage regulator are shown in Fig. 2.116. An external …

**Non Inverting Amplifier using Op Amp**** :** An amplifier which amplifies the input without producing any phase …

**Op Amp Applications**** :** The countless simple circuits using one or more operational amplifiers, some external resistors …

**Op Amp Assumptions**** :** We can make two Op Amp Assumptions which are realistic and simplify the …

**Op amp Circuits Using Diode**** :** Consider a Op amp Circuits Using Diode as shown in the …

**Open Loop Configuration of Op amp**** :** Open Loop Configuration of Op amp – The simplest possible …

**Phase Locked Loop Working**** :** A Phase Locked Loop Working is basically a closed loop system designed …

**PLL Frequency Synthesizer Block Diagram**** :** The PLL can be used as the basis for frequency synthesizer …

**Positive High Voltage High Current Regulator**** :** Positive High Voltage High Current Regulator – For this type, …

**Practical Differentiator**** :** The noise and stability at high. frequency can be corrected, in the practical differentiator …

**Practical Op Amp Characteristics :** The Practical Op Amp Characteristics can be approximated closely enough, for many …

**Precision Full Wave Rectifiers**** :** The Precision Full Wave Rectifiers circuits accept an ac signal at the …

**Precision Rectifiers**** :** Precision Rectifiers Recall from basic circuit principles that a rectifier circuits can be implemented with a …

**Protection Circuits in Regulators** : Protection Circuits in Regulators- The series regulator using transistors has no short …

**RC Phase Shift Oscillator :** RC Phase Shift Oscillator basically consists of an amplifier and a feedback …

**Requirements of a Good Instrumentation Amplifier**** :** The Requirements of a Good Instrumentation Amplifier are used to …

**Second Order High Pass Butterworth Filter :** The second order high pass Butterworth filter produces a gain …

**Second Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter**** :** The practical response of Second Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter …

**Square Wave Generator Using Op amp**** :** The Square Wave Generator Using Op amp means the astable …

**Subtractor using Op Amp or Difference Amplifier Circuit** : Subtractor using Op Amp or Difference Amplifier Circuit: Similar to the summer circuit, the subtraction of …

**Summing Amplifier**** :** As the input impedance of an op-amp is extremely large, more than one input …

**Summing Differentiator Circuit**** :** Similar to the summing integrator, summing can be obtained using the basic differentiator …

**Summing Integrator**** :** Many useful circuits can be designed using the basic integrator circuit. One of such …

**Triangular Wave Generator Using Op amp**** :** We have seen that, the output of integrator is a …

**Voltage Follower Op Amp**** :** A circuit in which the output voltage follows the input voltage is called voltage …

**Wien Bridge Oscillator**** :** This is also RC oscillator which uses RC type of feedback network. The …