**Synchronous Machine Articles:**

**What is Synchronous Motor | Construction | Advantages:**A synchronous Motor is one of the important types of electric machines; in fact all generating machines at power stations are of synchronous kind and are known as synchronous generators or alternators. The structure … (Read More)

**Construction of Cylindrical Rotor Synchronous Machine:**As stated earlier the Cylindrical Rotor Synchronous Machine offers constant permeance to mmf waves irrespective of the mechanical position of the rotor and is, therefore, simpler to model. Figure 8.1 shows the cross-sectional view of … (Read More)

**Generating Mode and Motoring Mode of Synchronous Machine:**Generating Mode and Motoring Mode of Synchronous Machine is derived by a realistic synchronous machine will have resistance ra and leakage reactance xl per armature phase which can be assumed to be lumped … (Read More)

**Voltage Regulation of Synchronous Generator:**The Voltage Regulation of Synchronous Generator is defined on lines similar to that of a transformer. Consider the generator supplying full-load current at a specified power factor and rated terminal voltage, Vt (rated). As the load is … (Read More)

**Equivalent Circuit of Synchronous Motor:**By assuming linearity of the magnetic circuit, it is possible to obtain simple Equivalent Circuit of Synchronous Motor. The validity of this assumption stems from the fact that air-gap is the predominant component of the magnetic … (Read More)

**Determination of the Synchronous Reactance | Open Circuit and Short Circuit test of Synchronous Machine:**Determination of the Synchronous Reactance â€“ With the assumption of a linear magnetic circuit, the circuit model (per phase) of a Â synchronous machine is as given … (Read More)

**Armature Reaction in Synchronous Motor:**The Simple circuit model of the synchronous machine was obtained in Sec. 8.3 by making the assumption that the magnetic circuit of the machine is linear. However, it is known that, under normal operating conditions, the … (Read More)

**Armature Reaction in Synchronous Generator:**The Armature Reaction in Synchronous Generator is dependent on the power factor at which the machine is operating and upon the operating mode generating/motoring. For simplicity of explanation, it will be assumed here that the armature … (Read More)

**Synchronous Machine on Infinite Bus Bars:**A definite procedure has to be followed in connecting a Synchronous Machine on Infinite Bus Bars which for the present purpose will be assumed to be infinite. Infinite bus-bars means a 3-phase supply of constant … (Read More)

**Synchronous Machine Operation:**The Synchronous Machine Operation are examined here under conditions of variable load and variable excitation. One of these quantities will be assumed to be held constant at a time while the other will be allowed to vary over … (Read More)

**Power Flow Equation of Synchronous Generator:**Power Flow Equation of Synchronous Generator â€“ The flow of active and reactive power in a synchronous link will now be studied. The approach will be analytical and armature resistance will be considered for generality … (Read More)

**Capability Curve of Synchronous Generator:**Capability Curve of Synchronous Generator defines the bounds within which it can operate safely. Various bounds imposed on the machine are: MVA-loading cannot exceed the generator rating. This limit is imposed by the stator heating. MW-loading cannot exceed … (Read More)

**Two Reaction Model of Salient Pole Synchronous Machine:**In a Two Reaction Model of Salient Pole Synchronous Machine, the flux established by a mmf wave is independent of the spatial position of the wave axis with respect to the field pole … (Read More)

**Slip Test on Synchronous Machine:**Direct and quadrature axis reactances of a salient-pole synchronous machine can be estimated by means of a test known as the Slip Test on Synchronous Machine. The machine armature is connected to a 3-phase supply whose … (Read More)

**Parallel Operation of Synchronous Generator:**We already know that synchronous machine connected to infinite bus-bars. Parallel Operation of Synchronous Generator of two finite size will be considered, which is the way large practical size generators are used. In a power system … (Read More)

**Hunting in Synchronous Machine:**So far the operation of the synchronous machine under steady-state conditions at constant (synchronous) speed has been considered. Under these conditions of Hunting in Synchronous Machine where Pe= electrical power output of the machine Pm= mechanical power input to the … (Read More)

**Short Circuit Current in Synchronous Generator:**The Short Circuit Current in Synchronous Generator being electrical in nature is much faster than the electromechanical dynamics discussed already. It will, therefore, be assumed that by the time the major features of the short-circuit … (Read More)

**Single Phase Synchronous Generator:**Certain applications, usually restricted to less than 10 kVA are better served by a Single Phase Synchronous Generator. Examples are emergency, domestic/office supply, portable power for construction tools etc. Because of simplicity of distribution wiring, these loads … (Read More)

**Brushless DC Motor:**The term Brushless DC Motor is applied to many configurations of ac synchronous motors in which semiconductor control is used to control stator currents such that maximum torque is obtained at a given speed. In a conventional motor … (Read More)