**Load Flow Studies:**

**Comparison of Load Flow Methods :** Comparison of Load Flow Methods – Gauss Seidel and Newton Raphson methods are compared when both use YBUS as the network model. It is experienced that the Gauss Seidel method works well when programmed using rectangular coordinates, whereas Newton Raphson requires more memory when rectangular coordinates are …

**Fast Decoupled Load Flow :** An important characteristic of any practical electric power transmission system operating in steady state is the strong interdependence between real powers and bus voltages angles and between reactive powers and voltage magnitudes. This interesting property of weak coupling between P- δ and Q-V variables gave the necessary …

**Formation of YBUS By Singular Transformation**** :** Formation of YBUS By Singular Transformation – The matrix pair YBUS and ZBUS form the network models for load flow studies. The YBUS can be alternatively assembled by use of singular transformations given by a graph theoretical approach. This alternative approach is of great theoretical …

**Gauss Seidel Method**** :** The Gauss Seidel Method (GS) is an iterative algorithm for solving a set of non-linear algebraic equations. To start with, a solution vector is assumed, based on guidance from practical experience in a physical situation. One of the equations is then used to obtain the revised value of …

**Load Flow Analysis in Power System**** :** Load Flow Analysis in Power System by the complex power injected by the source into the ith bus of a power system is where Vi is the voltage at the ith bus with respect to ground and Ji is the source current injected into the bus. The …

**Network Model Formulation**** :** For a load flow study of a real life power system comprising a large number of buses, it is necessary to proceed systematically by first formulating the network model of the system. A power system comprises several buses which are interconnected by means of transmission lines. Power is injected …

**Newton Raphson Method Formula**** :** The Newton Raphson Method Formula is a powerful method of solving non-linear algebraic equations. It works faster and is sure to converge in most cases as compared to the GS method. It is indeed the practical method of load flow solution of large power networks. Its only …

**Voltage Profile of Transmission Line**** :** Control of Voltage Profile of Transmission Line at the receiving bus in the fundamental two-bus system was discussed already. Though the same general conclusions hold for an interconnected system, it is important to discuss this problem in greater detail. At a bus with generation, voltage can be …