Category: Measurement of High Voltage and Currents

Impulse Voltage Test System

Impulse Voltage Test System: It is extremely difficult to control and adjust the Impulse Voltage Test System wave shapes for different load conditions as in the case of large capacitive loads, very low inductors or coils, transformers with high inductance and capacitance. Further whenever the tests require comparison of test records, the resolution and uncertainty […]

Multiple Shield Enclosures

Impulse measurements using Multiple Shield Enclosures and Signal Cable: Multiple Shield Enclosures – It is essential that leads, layout, and connections from the signal sources to the CRO are to be arranged such that the induced voltages and stray pick-ups due to electromagnetic interference are avoided. For slowly varying signals, the connecting cables behave as either […]

Cathode Ray Oscillograph for Impulse Measurements

Cathode Ray Oscillograph for Impulse Measurements: Modern Cathode Ray Oscillograph for Impulse Measurements are sealed tube, hot cathode oscilloscopes with photographic arrangement for recording the waveforms. The cathode ray oscilloscope for impulse work normally has input voltage range from 5 m V/cm to about 20 V/cm. In addition, there are probes and attenuators to handle signals up […]

Rogowski Coil Integrator Design

Rogowski Coil Integrator Design: If a Rogowski Coil Integrator Design is placed surrounding a current carrying conductor, the voltage signal induced in the coil is vi(t) = M dI(t)/dt where M is the mutual inductance between the conductor and the coil, and I(t) is the current flowing in the conductor. Usually, the coil is wound […]

Low Ohmic Shunt

Low Ohmic Shunt: The most common method employed for high impulse current measurements is a Low Ohmic Shunt shown in Fig. 7.46. The equivalent circuit is shown in Fig. 7.46b. The current through the resistive element R produces a voltage drop V(t) = i (t)R. The voltage signal generated is transmitted to a CRO through […]

Measurement of High Direct Current

Measurement of High Direct Current: High magnitude direct currents are measured using a resistive shunt of low ohmic value. The voltage drop across the resistance is measured with a millivoltmeter. The value of the resistance varies usually between 10 μΩ and 10 mΩ. This depends on the heating effect and the loading permitted in the […]

Peak Reading Voltmeter Circuit

Peak Reading Voltmeter Circuit: Sometimes it is enough if the Peak Reading Voltmeter Circuit of an impulse voltage wave is measured; its waveshape might already be known or fixed by the source itself. This is highly useful in routine impulse testing work. The methods are similar to those employed for a.c. voltage crest value measurements. […]

Low Voltage Arms for Voltage Divider

Low Voltage Arms for Voltage Divider: Low Voltage Arms for Voltage Divider – The mode of connection and the layout arrangement of the secondary arm of the divider is very critical for the distortion less measurement of fast transients. The L.V. arm of the divider itself introduces large distortions if not properly connected. Different corrections […]

Mixed RC Potential Divider

Mixed RC Potential Divider: Mixed RC Potential Divider use R-C elements in series or in parallel. One method is to connect capacitance in parallel with each R′1 element. This is successfully employed for voltage dividers of rating 2 MV and above. A better construction is to make an R-C series element connection. The equivalent circuit […]

Capacitance Voltage Dividers

Capacitance Voltage Dividers: Capacitance voltage dividers are ideal for measurement of fast rising voltages and pulses. The capacitance ratio is independent of the frequency, if their leakage resistance is high enough to be neglected. But usually the dividers are connected to the source voltage through long leads which introduce lead inductances and residual resistances. Also, […]