Category: Generation of High Voltage and Currents

Series DC Voltage Regulator

Series DC Voltage Regulator: The output voltage of a d.c. source, whether it is a rectifier or any other machine, changes with the load current as well as with the input voltage variations. In order to maintain a constant voltage at the load terminals, it is essential to have a Series DC Voltage Regulator circuit […]

Electrostatic Generators

Electrostatic Generators: Van de Graaff generators are essentially high voltage but low power devices, and their power rating seldom exceeds few tens of kilowatts. As such Electrostatic Generators machine which effectively convert mechanical energy into electrical energy using variable capacitor principle were developed. These are essentially duals of electromagnetic machines and are constant voltage variable […]

Van De Graaff Generator Working Principle

Van De Graaff Generator Working Principle: The schematic diagram of a Van De Graaff Generator Working Principle is shown in Fig. 6.6. The generator is usually enclosed in an earthed metallic cylindrical vessel and is operated under pressure or in vacuum. Charge is sprayed onto an insulating moving belt from corona points at a potential […]

Deltatron Circuit

Deltatron Circuit or Cascaded Modular Voltage Multipliers: A combination of Cockcroft-Walton type voltage multiplier with cascaded transformer d.c. rectifier is developed recently for very high voltages but limited output currents having higltstability, small ripple factor and fast regulation. One such unit is recently patented by “ENGE” in U.S.A., called “ENGETRON” or `DELTATRON”. The schematic diagram of […]

Voltage Drop on Load and Regulation

Voltage Drop on Load and Regulation: The change of average Voltage Drop on Load from the no load theoretical value expressed as a percentage of no load voltage is called the Regulation. The change in voltage (i.e.) the voltage drop ΔV is caused due to the ripple δV, and the capacitors not getting charged to […]

Voltage Multiplier Circuits

Voltage Multiplier Circuits: Cascaded Voltage Multiplier Circuits for higher voltages are cumbersome and require too many supply and isolating transformers. It is possible to generate very high d.c. voltages from single supply transformers by extending the simple voltage doubler circuits. This is simple and compact when the load current requirement is less than one milliampere, […]

Voltage Doubler Circuits

Voltage Doubler Circuits: Both full wave and half wave rectifier circuits produce a d.c. voltage less than the a.c. maximum voltage. When higher d.c voltages are needed, a Voltage Doubler Circuits or cascaded rectifier doubler circuits are used. The schematic diagram of voltage doublers are given in Figs 6.3a and b. In Voltage Doubler Circuits […]

Half and Full Wave Rectifier Circuits

Half and Full Wave Rectifier Circuits: Half and Full Wave Rectifier Circuits for producing high d.c. voltages from a.c. sources may be (a) Half wave, (b) Full wave, or (c) Voltage doubler type rectifiers. The rectifier may be an electron tube or a solid state device. Nowadays single electron tubes are available for peak inverse voltages […]

Different Types of High Voltages

Different Types of High Voltages: In the fields of electrical engineering and applied physics, Different Types of High Voltages (d.c., a.c,, and impulse) are required for several applications. For example, electron microscopes and x-ray units require high d.c. voltages of the order of 100 kV or more. Electrostatic precipitators, particle accelerators in nuclear physics, etc. […]