Filters

Higher Order Filter Design

Higher Order Filter Design: Higher Order Filter Design – From the preceding discussion on filters we can conclude that in the stop band the gain of the filter changes at the rate of 20 db/decade for first order filters and 40 db/decade for second order filters. This means that as the order of the filter …

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Low Pass Filter Circuits

Low Pass Filter Circuits: The Low Pass Filter Circuits of Fig. 15.7 is commonly used for low pass active filters. The filtering is done by the use of an RC network. The opamp is used as a unity gain amplifier. The resistor RF is equal to R1. (At dc, the capacitive reactance is infinite and …

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Classification of Active Filters

Classification of Active Filters: An electric filter is often a frequency selective circuit that passes a specified band of frequencies and blocks or attenuates signals of frequencies outside this band. Classification of Active Filters are as follows. Analog or digital filters Passive or active filters Audio (AF) or radio (RF) filters Analog filters are designed …

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Types of Filters in Electronics

Types of Filters in Electronics: Types of filters in electronics may be of any physical form—electrical, mechanical, pneumatic, hy­draulic, acoustical, etc. The most commonly used filters are of the electrical type. Types of filters in electronics may be classified as follows. Low Pass Filter High Pass Filter Band Pass Filter Band Stop Filter All Pass …

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What are Passive Filters?

What are Passive Filters?: Passive filters are mainly networks using inductors, capacitors and resistors. The classical theory employed was based on the image parameter theory which in turn was based on the filter’s characteristics and performance. Its component values were calculated by considering a source having a specified source resistance and feeding it into a …

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What is a Filter Circuit?

What is a Filter Circuit?: A network designed to attenuate certain frequencies but pass others without attenuation is called a filter. A filter circuit thus possesses at least one pass band, which is a band of frequencies in which the output is approximately equal to the input (attenuation is zero) and an attenuation band in …

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