## Circuit Constants in Relation to Circuit Breaking Articles:

Characteristics of Rate of Rise of Restriking Voltage : The important Characteristics of Rate of Rise of Restriking Voltage which affect the circuit breaker performance are: amplitude factor, rate of rise of restriking voltage (RRRV). Amplitude Factor: The amplitude factor is defined as the ratio of the peak of transient voltage to the peak system frequency voltage. Circuit Constants in Relation to Circuit Breaking …

Circuit Breaker Rating : The ratings of a circuit breaker refer to the characteristic values that define the working conditions for which the circuit breaker is designed and built. Circuit breakers must be capable of carrying continuously the full load current, without excessive temperature rise, and should be capable of withstanding the electrodynamic forces. The circuit breaker should also be in a …

Current Chopping : When interrupting small inductive currents such as transformer excitation currents, circuit breakers tend to clear before the natural current zero is reached. This is because the low-current ionized conducting path may become prematurely unstable, forcing the low arc current to zero along a very steep wave front. This phenomenon is known as current chopping and this in turn is …

Duties of circuit breaker diagram : Under different circumstances Duties of circuit breaker diagram may be subjected to widely varying stresses. First of all the current varies from a few amperes due to no-load current of a transformer up to the heaviest short-circuit currents, which may amount to a hundred kilo amperes. Circuit Constant …

Interaction of Circuit Breaker : The circuit breaker performance can well be seen from the interaction between the breaker and the circuit. It is convenient to regard the short-circuit current i in the period around current zero as composed of two parts: the arc current ia and the transient current ic flowing in the capacitive part of the circuit which determines the …

Recovery Voltage : While closing or opening the circuit breaker, the circuit constants play an important role. It was noticed in practice a circuit breaker that would operate satisfactorily at one point on a system may not do so at another, showing that the circuit conditions have some influence on the circuit breaker behavior. Figure (14.3) shows a power system …

Restriking Voltage Transient : Electrically a power system is an oscillatory network so that it is logical to expect that the interruption of fault current will give rise to a transient, whose frequency depends on the Circuit Constant of the circuit. It has been pointed out earlier that this transient voltage is referred to as Restriking Voltage Transient, which occurs immediately following arc …