Problems facing Indian Power Industry and its Choices

Problems facing Indian Power Industry and its Choices: Problems facing Indian Power Industry and its Choices – The electricity requirements of India have grown tremendously and the demand has been running ahead of supply. Electricity generation and transmission processes in India are very inefficient in comparison with those of some developed countries. As per one […]

Use of Computers and Microprocessors

Use of Computers and Microprocessors: Use of Computers and Microprocessors – The first methos for solving various power system problems were AC and DC network analysers developed in early 1930s. AC analysers were used for load flow and stability studies whereas DC were preferred for short-circuit studies. Analogue computers were developed in 1940s and were […]

Power System Engineers and Power System Studies

Power System Engineers and Power System Studies: Power System Engineers and Power System Studies – The power system engineer of the first decade of the twenty-first century has to face a variety of challenging tasks, which he can meet only by keeping abreast of the recent scientific advances and the latest techniques. On the planning […]

Electromagnetic Radiation

Electromagnetic Radiation from Overhead Lines: Biological effects of electromagnetic radiation from power lines and even cables in close proximity of buildings have recently attracted attention and have also caused some concern. Power frequency (50 or 60 Hz) and even their harmonics are not considered harmful. Investigations carried out in certain advanced countries have so far […]

Electric Energy Generation

Environmental Aspects Of Electric Energy Generation: Electric Energy Generation – Conversion of one form of energy or another to electrical form has unwanted side effects and the pollutants generated in the process have to be disposed off. Pollutants know no geographical boundary, as result the pollution issue has become a nightmarish problem and strong national […]

Distributed Dispersed Generation

Distributed Dispersed Generation: Distributed Dispersed Generation using many small generators of 2-50 MW output, installed at various strategic points throughout the area, so that each provides power to a small number of consumers nearby. These may be solar, mini/micro hydel or wind turbine units, highly efficient gas turbines, small combined cycle plants, since these are […]

Deregulation Definition

Deregulation Definition: For over one hundred years, the electric power industry worldwide operated as a regulated industry. In any area there was only one company or government agency (mostly state-owned) that produced, transmitted, distributed and sold electric power and services. Deregulation Definition concept came in early 1990s. It brought in changes designed to encourage competition. […]

Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation: Energy conservation is the cheapest new source of energy. We should resort to various conservation measures such as cogeneration (discussed earlier), and use energy efficient motors to avoid wasteful electric uses. We can achieve considerable electrical power savings by reducing unnecessary high lighting levels, oversized motors, etc. A 9 W compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) […]

Power Systems Growth

Power Systems Growth: Power Systems Growth – India is fairly rich in natural resources like coal and lignite; while some oil reserves have been discovered so far, intense exploration is being undertaken in various regions of the country. India has immense water power resources also of which only around 25% have so far been utilised, […]

Energy Storage

Energy Storage: There is a lot of problem in storing electricity in large quantities. Energy Storage which can be converted into electricity can be stored in a number of ways. Storage of any nature is however very costly and its economics must be worked out properly. Various options available are: pumped storage, com-pressed air, heat, […]

Renewable Energy Sources

Renewable Energy Sources: To protect environment and for sustainable development, the importance of Renewable Energy Sources cannot be overemphasized. It is an established and accepted fact that Renewable Energy Sources and non-conventional forms of energy will play an increasingly important role in the future as they are cleaner and easier to use and environmentally benign […]

Magnetohydrodynamic Generation

Magnetohydrodynamic Generation: Magnetohydrodynamic Generation – In thermal generation of electric energy, the heat released by the fuel is converted to rotational mechanical energy by means of a thermocycle. The Modern Power System Analysis  mechanical energy is then used to rotate the electric generator. Thus two stages of energy conversion are involved in which the heat to […]

Fusion Definition

Fusion Definition: Fusion Definition : Energy is produced in this process by the combination of two light nuclei to form a single heavier one under sustained conditions of extremely high temperatures (in millions of degree centigrade). Fusion is futuristic. Generation of electricity via fusion would solve the long-term energy needs of the world with minimum […]

Nuclear Power Plant

Nuclear Power Plant: Nuclear Power Plant – With the end of coal reserves in sight in the not too distant future, the immediate practical alternative source of large scale electric energy generation is nuclear energy. In fact, the developed countries have already switched over in a big way to the use of nuclear energy for […]

Hydroelectric Power Generation

Hydroelectric Power Generation: Hydroelectric Power Generation – Generation The oldest and cheapest method of Hydroelectric Power Generation is that of utilizing the potential energy of water. The energy is obtained almost free of running cost and is completely pollution free. Of course, it involves high capital cost because of the heavy civil engineering construction works […]

Gas Turbines Power Plant

Gas Turbines Power Plant: Gas Turbines Power Plant – With increasing availability of natural gas (methane) (recent finds in Bangladesh) prime movers based on gas turbines have been developed on the lines similar to those used in aircraft. Gas combustion generates high temperatures and pressures, so that the efficiency of the gas turbine is comparable […]

Cogeneration Definition

Cogeneration Definition: Cogeneration Definition – Considering the tremendous amount of waste heat generated in thermal power generation, it is advisable to save fuel by the simultaneous generation of electricity and steam (or hot water) for industrial use or space heating. Now called cogeneration, such systems have long been common, here and abroad. Currently, there is […]