Phase Locked Loop Working Principle

Phase Locked Loop Working Principle: A Phase Locked Loop Working is basically a closed loop system designed to lock the output frequency and phase to the frequency and phase of…

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Wien Bridge Oscillator using Op Amp

Wien Bridge Oscillator using Op Amp: This is also RC oscillator which uses RC type of feedback network. The main difference between phase shift and Wien bridge oscillator is that…

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RC Phase Shift Oscillator Using Op amp

RC Phase Shift Oscillator Using Op amp: RC Phase Shift Oscillator basically consists of an amplifier and a feedback network consisting of resistors and capacitors arranged in ladder fashion. Hence…

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Precision Rectifiers

Precision Rectifiers: Recall from basic circuit principles that a rectifier circuits can be implemented with a diode/diodes (half wave rectifier or full wave rectifier). The major limitations of these Precision…

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Practical Op Amp Characteristics

Practical Op Amp Characteristics: The Practical Op Amp Characteristics can be approximated closely enough, for many practical op-amps But basically the Practical Op Amp Characteristics are little bit different than…

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Electronic Instrumentation Articles

Electronic Instrumentation Articles: Introduction to Electronics Instrumentation Static Characteristics of Measuring Instruments Errors in Measurement Types of Static Error and Sources of Error Dynamic Characteristics in Qualities of Measurement Statistical…

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Dynamic Characteristics in Qualities of Measurement

Dynamic Characteristics: Instruments rarely respond instantaneously to changes in the measured variables. Instead, they exhibit slowness or sluggishness due to such things as mass, thermal capacitance, fluid capacitance or electric…

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