Armature Winding in DC Machine

Armature Winding in DC Machine: With reference to the single-coil elementary Armature Winding in DC Machine of Figs 5.13 and 5.14(a) which shows the B-wave of the machine relative to the elementary full-pitched coil, LetConsider that the coil is lying in the interpolar region so that the full flux/pole (Φ) links it positively. Let it …

Two layer Winding of Transformer

Two layer Winding of Transformer: One important and commonly used way of neatly arranging the end connection of coils in a winding is to place two coil-sides per slot. Each coil then has one coil-side in the bottom half of one slot and the other coil-side in the top half of another slot (one pole …

Short Pitch Coil or Chorded Coil

Short Pitch Coil or Chorded Coil: Short Pitch Coil – So far it was assumed that the stator coils are full-pitched (a span of π rad elect). Coils may have a span of less than the full-pitch. This arrangement offers certain advantages. Consider that the coil-span is less than the full-pitch by an elect. angle …

Harmonic Analysis in Distributed Winding

Harmonic Analysis in Distributed Winding: The flux density wave of a synchronous machine is never exactly sine wave. Because of odd symmetry of poles (alternately north-south), the space Harmonic Analysis in Distributed Winding of the B-wave comprises odd harmonics only, which induce the corresponding harmonic emf s in the winding. Figure 5.19 shows the fundamental …

Synchronous Generator with Distributed Winding

Synchronous Generator with Distributed Winding: Synchronous Generator with Distributed Winding – It may be seen from Eq. (5.7) that the flux/pole is limited by the machine dimensions and the peak flux density which cannot exceed a specified value dictated by saturation characteristic of iron. Therefore, for inducing an emf of an appropriate value in a …

EMF Equation of AC Winding

EMF Equation of AC Winding: The B-wave of a EMF Equation of AC Winding synchronous machine (in general multi-polar) assumed sinusoidal is drawn in Fig. 5.15 and a single full-pitched coil (coil-side space separation π rad (180°) elect.) is shown in cross-sectional form. The B-wave moves towards left with a speed of ω elect. rad/s …

2 Pole Elementary DC Machine

2 Pole Elementary DC Machine: Figure 5.13 shows a 2 Pole Elementary DC Machine with a single coil rotating armature. It may be seen that the field winding is stationary with salient poles whose pole-shoes occupy a major part of the pole-pitch. An alternating emf is induced in the coil due to rotation of the …

Three Phase Synchronous Generator

Three Phase Synchronous Generator: Practical synchronous generators are always of the 3-phase kind because of the well-known advantages of a 3-phase system. If two coils were located at two different space locations in the stator of Fig. 5.2, their emfs will have a time phase difference corresponding to their electrical space displacement. In Three Phase …

Synchronous Machine Working Principle

Synchronous Machine Working Principle: Figure 5.2 shows the simplified version of an ac Synchronous Machine Working Principle with a 2-pole field winding on the rotor and a single coil aa’ on the stator. This type of rotor poles are known as salient (projecting) poles; and are excited by means of dc fed to the concentrated …

Rotating Electrical Machines

Rotating Electrical Machines: We Know that electromechanical energy conversion takes place whenever a change in flux is associated with mechanical motion. Speed voltage is generated in a coil when there is relative movement between the coil and magnetic field. Alternating emf is generated if the change in flux linkage of the coil is cyclic. The …