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Broadband Communications Systems

Submarine Cables

Submarine Cables: Submarine cables use principles very much like those of coaxial cables. Thus they are coaxial, have repeaters and equalizers and have dc power fed to them, with opposite polarities fed from opposite ends to reduce insulation problems. However, Submarine Cables use a single coaxial tube for both directions of transmission, with frequency techniques …

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Applications of Tropospheric Scatter Links

Applications of Tropospheric Scatter Links: Applications of Tropospheric Scatter Links also known as troposcatter is rather similar to a microwave link terminal, and indeed a typical block diagram is sufficiently like Figure 15-5 that a separate block is not shown. The main differences lie in the very much higher output powers and lower receiver noise figures in …

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Microwave Link in Electronic Communication

Microwave Link in Electronic Communication: A Microwave Link in Electronic Communication performs the same functions as a copper or optic fiber cable, but in a different manner, by using point-to-point microwave transmission between repeaters. Many links operate in the 4- and 6-GHz region, but some links operate at frequencies as low as 2 GHz and …

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Multiplexing in Electronic Communication

Multiplexing in Electronic Communication: Multiplexing in Electronic Communication is the sending of a number of separate signals together, over the same cable or bearer, simultaneously and without interference. There are generally two classifications. Time Division Multiplex, or TDM, is a method of separating, in the time domain, pulses belonging to different transmissions. Use is made …

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