8085 Microprocessor Features

8085 Microprocessor Features:

The features of 8085 Microprocessor include :

1.It is an 8-bit microprocessor i.e. it can accept, process, or provide 8-bit data simultaneously.

2.It operates on a single +5V power supply connected at Vcc; power supply ground is connected to Vss.

3.It operates on clock cycle with 50% duty cycle.

4.It has on chip clock generator. This internal clock generator requires tuned circuit like LC, RC or crystal. The internal clock generator divides oscillator frequency by 2 and generates clock signal, which can be used for synchronizing external devices.

5.It can operate with a 3 MHz clock frequency. The 8085A-2 version can operate at the maximum frequency of 5 MHz.

6.It has 16 address lines, hence it can access (216) 64 Kbytes of memory.

7.It provides 8 bit I/O addresses to access (28 ) 256 I/O ports.

8.In 8085, the lower 8-bit address bus (A0 -A7) and data bus (D0 -D7) are Multiplexed to reduce number of external pins. But due to this, external hardware (latch) is required to separate address lines and data lines.

9.It supports 74 instructions with the following addressing modes :

a) Immediate

b) Register

c) Direct

d) Indirect

e) Implied

10.The Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) of 8085 performs :

(a)8 bit binary addition with or without carry

(b)16 bit binary addition

(c)2 digit BCD addition.

d)8-bit binary subtraction with or without borrow

(e)8-bit logical AND, OR, EX-OR, complement (NOT), and bit shift operations.

11.It has 8-bit accumulator, flag register, instruction register, six 8-bit general purpose registers (B, C, D, E, H and L) and two 16-bit registers. (SP and PC). Getting the operand from the general purpose registers is more faster than from memory. Hence skilled programmers always prefer general purpose registers to store program variables than memory.

12.It provides five hardware interrupts : TRAP, RST 7.5, RST 6.5, RST 5.5 and INTR.

13.It has serial I/O control which allows serial communication.

14.It provides control signals (IO/M, RD, WR) to control the bus cycles, and hence external bus controller is not required.

15.The external hardware (another microprocessor or equivalent master) can detect which machine cycle microprocessor is executing using status signals (IO/M, S0, S1) This This feature is very useful when more than one processors are
using common system resources (memory and I/O devices).

16.It has a mechanism by which it is possible to increase its interrupt handling

17.The 8085 has an ability to share system bus with Direct Memory Access This feature allows to transfer large amount of data from I/O device to memory or from memory to I/O device with high speeds.

18.It can be used to implement three chip microcomputer with supporting I/O devices like IC 8155 and IC 8355.